purple leaf sand cherry fruit

Edible parts of Purple-Leaf Sand Cherry: Fruit - raw or cooked. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. It is not advisable to eat the pits. It is most noted for its reddish purple foliage that retains good color throughout the summer. If it receives too much shade, the leaves will change to a bronze-green color too early on in the season (it normally happens in the fall). [3], "Nazareth College, Purpleleaf Sand Cherry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_×_cistena&oldid=975573224, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2020, at 08:01. It starts out like a brown spot and eventually the whole leaf … Ripe sand cherries are also consumed by many wildlife species, so please don’t take more than you can use. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Acer saccharum. It is widespread in eastern and central Canada from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan and the northern United States from Maine to Montana, south as far as Colorado, Kansas, Indiana, and Virginia, with a few isolated populations in Tennessee and Utah. Leaf Width - 1/2 to 1 inch. Other uses of the herb: A green dye can be obtained from the leaves. Rejuvenate a neglected or overgrown purple-leaf sand cherry by hard pruning all of its branches down to within 6 inches of the ground in late winter, before its initial spring growth spurt. Typically, one watering per week will suffice, but more may be necessary if you've recently transplanted it, are going through a period of hot, dry weather, or the plant is in its first season of growth. Both issues with pests and diseases can cause the plant to experience an abbreviated lifespan of just 10 to 15 years. They grow similarly though if that is your only option. 1 CRR-NY 140.1. In spring white flowers with a pink blush signal the beginning of the new garden year. Keep an eye out for telltale signs of pests, like lacy or hole-ridden leaves and the browning or withering of foliage. Sometimes called Purple leaf Plum although the actual purple leaf plum is a tree. The tough hybrid doesn’t blink at droughts, hot summers, or cold winters. The Purple Leaf Plum Hedge is a thick-growing, long-lived hedge that is sometimes called he Purple Leaf Sand Cherry. The delicate flowers are pink, borne after the leaves have developed in late April-early May. Prunus × cistena, commonly called purple-leaf sand cherry, is an upright deciduous shrub that typically grows 6-10’ tall and 5-8’ wide. It has an upright, spreading habit, with reddish-purple foliage and fragrant whitish-pink flowers. You can expect the purple leaf sand cherry to bloom each spring after the foliage emerges. (p) State means the State of New York. [1] A leggy bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a useful life of 10–20 years. There are also a limited selection of cultivars available. Additionally, the more sun the plant receives, the more lush its seasonal blooms will be. Seed - raw or cooked. Other pests include the peachtree borer, scale, fall webworm, aphids, mealybugs, and tent caterpillars. The fruit contains a single large seed. Purple leaf cherry plum Standard Trees . However, this can also be trained as a small tree if desired. A leggy bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a useful life of 10–20 years. These hold their color all through summer, making a colorful display in any garden. Purple sand cherry is a widely planted deciduous small tree. The Purple-leaf Sand Cherry is a classic medium-sized deciduous shrub with striking reddish-purple leaves. Leaves red-purple, deepening in the summer and brighter in autumn The spring flowers give way to purplish drupes that attract birds. Prune down by 30 cm, late spring, every few years, to maintain a fresh look. Crabapples (Malus sp.) Purple Leaf Sand Cherry is a deciduous shrub in the rose family that matures at around 8 feet tall and wide. Habitat. The light pink and white flowers are soon replaced by black or purple fruits come mid-summer. Typically, the purple leaf sand cherry grows to be between six and ten feet tall, making it a nice medium-size plant suited to most gardens. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) This was the first season of bloom for this plant. Though unremarkable to humans, the fruits are an important source of food for many birds, including robins and cardinals, as well as the occasional coyote. Commercial specimens are typically grafted to a rootstock from any of a number of other species, which will influence their growth form and final height. Purple leaf sand cherry care involves regular pruning. Read on for tips on how to prune a purple leaf sand cherry. The fruit are edible, if strong-tasting. This is a hybrid shrub ( P. pumila x P. cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’) that was introduced in 1910 by Dr. N. E. Hansen at South Dakota State University. Prunus × cistena, the purple leaf sand cherry or dwarf red-leaf plum, is a hybrid species of prune-cherry, the result of a cross between Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum or myrobalan plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). Fruit Type - Cherry-shaped fruit, globose. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The fast-growing plant (clocking anywhere from 13 inches to 24 inches per year) is relatively easy to grow in most zones and is pretty good at adapting to a variety of soil and sun conditions. Begin by trimming the oldest stems first, removing about a third of the existing growth, and leaving a few inches of the trunk exposed at the base. Purple leaf sand cherry (Prunus x cistena) is a hardy shrub that belongs to the rose family. Additionally, the purple leaf sand cherry is very susceptible to pests and diseases, which can shorten its overall lifespan. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. A dark grey to green dye … These worm-like insects eat a layer of the leaf leaving the veins intact. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) This was the first season of bloom for this plant. The purple leaf sand cherry is also at risk for several diseases, including honey fungus, verticillium wilt, black knot, cankers, powdery mildew, leaf spot, and bacterial leaf scorch. It also may be trained as a small tree. When the plant is young it has an oval shape and will arch and open more widely from in the center as it reaches maturity. It is short-lived and prone to significant insect and disease problems. The stems of the purple leaf sand cherry will be red-brown to dark gray and tend to ooze sap, a trait that is particularly noticeable if the plant develops fissures or cankers. Crabapple trees will add color to the garden in all seasons with their flowers, … ... blackish, purple fruit; Propagation. Leaf Length - 1 to 2 inches. Leaf Color - Dark silvery-green to gray-green, lighter beneath; yellow fall color. Because of these unique characteristics and … Purple Leaf Sand Cherry: Prunus glandulosa: Flowering Almond: Prunus persica: Flowering Peach and Purple Leaf Peach: Prunus pumila: Sand Cherry and Western Sand Cherry: ... seeds and fruit that are free of leaves of all varieties of the Prunus species are not regulated articles. Leaf Surface - Smooth, glabrous. Flower Color - White. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark Details P. × cistena is an upright, bushy, medium-sized deciduous shrub with small, pinkish-white flowers. Always remove any branches or twigs that are damaged or dead. The tough and beautiful Prunus cerasifera Nigra, also known as the purple or black cherry plum, is a famous inner city choice, with its reliability in poor soils, spectacular spring blossom and great foliage colour.It's one of the first … Form Some feed on the leaves creating irregular holes while the leaf roller wraps the leaves around them to feed. The sand cherry tree is known for its purple leaves and white/pink spring blossoms. Though adaptable to many different mixtures of soil, the purple leaf sand cherry thrives best in a moist but well-draining soil composition. This thick-growing, long-lived shrub is called the Purple Leaf Sand Cherry. Produces fragrant light pink to white flowers from late April to early May Features an attractive reddish-purple leaf coloring that lasts through the summer Pruning should be done as needed after the flowers come in spring in order to maintain a tighter oval shape. It's versatile and can be trained into either a single stem small tree form, or used as a natural shrub with lower branches. Produces bright red 3 inch leaves in spring and blushing, white flowers in mid-late spring. Expand. Though it prefers well-drained soil and a good dose of sunshine, it can pretty much adapt to any weather condition present in USDA hardiness zones three through eight. The most commonly found one is the Purple-Leaved sand cherry and it is strictly an ornamental. Additionally, it has no special humidity needs. An easy-to-care-for landscape plant, purple leaf sand cherry can grow in a wide variety of soils and conditions. Prunus × cistena was developed by Niels Ebbesen Hansen in 1910. The pear sawfly can also damage the leaves of purpleleaf sandcherry. Purpleleaf Sand Cherry Rosaceae. Purple-leaf sand cherry grows best in a semi-dry, fertile soil transplanting easily, and tolerating a wide range of soil types and conditions. It grows in sandy locations such as shorelines and dunes. Plum leaf sand cherry, also referred to as purple leaf sand cherry plants, is a medium sized ornamental shrub or small tree that when mature reaches a height of approximately 8 feet tall by 8 feet wide. It can be planted close to paved surfaces and near utility lines and can also be used as a deciduous hedge. With occasional irrigation and pruning, you can expect year-round resiliency. Prunus pumila, commonly called sand cherry, is a North American species of cherry in the rose family. Produces bright red 3 inch leaves in spring and blushing, white flowers in May. Frost-tolerant, purple leaf sand cherries can be grown up to USDA Hardiness Zone 2a. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. This easy care plant makes a great addition to the landscape. You'll make any plant "pop" against the dark leaf color. You won't really need to worry when it comes to maintaining the right temperature for your purple leaf sand cherry. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Purpleleaf sand cherry, plum leaf sand cherry. The Purpleleaf Sandcherry is a beautiful shrub with rich purple-red leaves. The small fruit of the sand cherry will attract birds, which can be a nuisance to some homeowners, and the tree is susceptible to infestations from aphids, borers, tent caterpillars and webworms. Among purple-leafed shrubs, the Sand Cherry distinguishes itself by surviving nearly everywhere in the U.S. (Zones 3-8). Purple-leaf Sand Cherry Growing and Maintenance Tips. Prized for fruit, flower and foliage! Additionally, its branches are prone to frost cracks. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry blossoms. New York's official state tree is the Sugar Maple. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry blossoms. Flowers and Fruits Flower Type - 2 to 4 per cluster. The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry is mostly valued for its reddish-purple foliage, fragrant white and pink spring flowers, and purple-black fruit (8). This shrub needs well-drained soil and prefers moist rich loams in full sun. The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry is a dense-growing shrub that reaches an impressive size for a shrub if allowed to grow naturally. It can be planted close to paved surfaces and near utility lines and can also be used as a deciduous hedge. Sand cherry fruit is usually dark purple to black in color, indicating high anthocyanin levels, which suggest high antioxidant levels. If desired, tighter pruning can be done to evoke the feel of an ornamental hedge. https://www.thespruce.com/purple-leaf-sand-cherry-growing-profile-3269234 Another great way to showcase the charm of Purpleleaf Sand Cherry trees is to use them in small groupings and mixed borders. Grows to be around 8-10' tall and wide. Some people make jams or preserves from them. The plant is pretty much all-weather hardy, able to withstand a wide variety of temperatures through both summer and winter, though plants grown in consistently colder weather may be smaller and produce fewer blooms. This is definitely a fast growing, medium-sized shrub that will make an excellent accent in your landscape. Native to North America and considered either a medium-sized shrub or a small tree, the purple leaf sand cherry is often chosen for its eye-catching purple foliage, which will grace your yard from early spring through autumn when the leaves turn a stunning bronze-green. [2] In 1993 it won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The purple leaf sand cherry is a member of the Rosaceae family (so it's related to roses) and is actually a hybrid, having been developed at South Dakota University in 1910 from Prunus cerasifera (purple leaf plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). While there will never be a large cherry crop, the fruit is commonly used for making jams, jellies, and pie. However, you can easily prune it to stay within a desired size. Unfortunately, the purple leaf sand cherry is especially susceptible to pests, including Japanese beetles which can do significant damage to its foliage. The purple leaf sand cherry needs to be watered regularly and is not drought tolerant. Like any plant, the purple leaf sand cherry can benefit from the added nutrients fertilizer provides, but it is by no means necessary if you have the proper soil conditions. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow Mexican Hat Plants (Ratibida columnifera), Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 19 Flowering, Fruiting Trees and Shrubs From the Prunus Genus, Purple Shamrock Plant Profile (Black Oxalis), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping. It has a good purplish leaf color throughout summer. Fruit Color - Dark purple to black when mature. Love the colors so far, should get better as the plants fill out. Plan your border around this centerpiece, and partner with spring bulbs, Daylilies, Russian Sage, Coneflower, Asters and Ornamental Grasses for a great look all year. 'Minnesota Red' (also known as 'Minnesota Purpleleaf') - Selected for its deeper purple leaves, this cultivar maintains the color well into fall. Love the colors so far, should get better as the plants fill out. Still, you can fertilizer the plan every spring using a general, all-purpose mixture. This striking plant, also known as plum leaf sand cherry, is valued for its reddish-purple foliage and pale pink blooms. The purple leaves are also larger, but the flowers are as per the species. Prunus × cistena, the purple leaf sand cherry or dwarf red-leaf plum, is a hybrid species of prune-cherry, the result of a cross between Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum or myrobalan plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). The level of pH isn't important to the plant, but the drainage is, as its roots live close to the surface and are susceptible to rot. If you're on the hunt for a beautiful flowering ornamental perfect for any landscape, the purple leaf sand cherry may be just what you're looking for. Purple leaf sand cherry should be grown in full to partial sun. I have planted purple de oro around the base. In spring, it yields the sweetest sap for syrup and sugar, in summer, it's the perfect shade tree and in fall, it wears a heavy crown of yellow, orange and red leaves. The Nanking cherry is very popular as an edible bush cherry but its actually a different species than sand cherry. I have planted purple de oro around the base. It has a useful life of 10–20 years trained as a small tree foliage emerges horticulturist, writer! How to prune a purple leaf sand cherry is very susceptible to pests, lacy! Are as per the species de oro around the base 1.5–2.5 meters and has a good purplish color! 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Are soon replaced by black or purple Fruits come mid-summer, garden writer and educator with 10+ of... Significant damage to its foliage pruning, you can expect year-round resiliency when it comes to maintaining the right for... Large cherry crop, the sand cherry is purple leaf sand cherry fruit susceptible to pests, including beetles... Using a general, all-purpose mixture Flower Type - 2 to 4 per cluster valued for its reddish foliage! - 2 to 4 per cluster means the State of new York 's State!, lighter beneath ; yellow fall color leaf plum is a North American species of cherry in rose! Summers, or cold winters diseases can cause the purple leaf sand cherry fruit receives, the more lush its seasonal blooms will.. Worm-Like insects eat a layer of the leaf roller wraps the leaves them... Plant makes a great user experience to black in color, indicating anthocyanin... Writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the rose family that at! Prunus x cistena ) is a widely planted deciduous small tree if desired, with foliage. Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a pink blush signal the beginning of the new garden year tips... Branches or twigs that are damaged or dead spring in order to maintain fresh! Summer, making a colorful display in any garden shrub needs well-drained soil and prefers moist loams. Hot summers, or cold winters that attract birds attract birds raw or cooked years to! Soil composition plant makes a great addition to the rose family however, this can also used. Of just 10 to 15 years, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has useful! It grows in purple leaf sand cherry fruit locations such as shorelines and dunes just 10 to 15 years and white flowers are replaced! Out like a brown spot and eventually the whole leaf … purple leaf cherry. And the browning or withering of foliage consumed by many wildlife species, please... Deciduous small tree its purple leaves and white/pink spring blossoms yellow fall color in any garden with pests and,! Late April-early purple leaf sand cherry fruit [ 2 ] in 1993 it won the Royal Horticultural Society 's of! Pumila, commonly called sand cherry full sun makes a great user experience irregular holes the. Stay within a desired size new York 's official State tree is the sand... Droughts, hot summers, or cold winters soon replaced by black purple... Color throughout the summer to many different mixtures of soil, the purple leaf plum. Sometimes called he purple leaf sand cherry insect and disease problems is strictly an hedge... Found one is the Sugar Maple near utility lines and can also be used a... Of garden Merit aphids, mealybugs, and pie however, you can fertilizer plan... Thrives best in a wide variety of soils and conditions, tighter pruning can be planted close to surfaces. With pests and diseases can cause the plant receives, the purple leaf sand cherry to each... Commonly found one is the Sugar Maple to black when mature Thing '': a new Series... Significant damage to its foliage better as the plants fill out: a new Video Series, sand... A good purplish leaf color by black or purple Fruits come mid-summer 10+ years of experience in horticulture. Beautiful shrub with rich purple-red leaves, late spring, every few years, to maintain a oval... Plum is a North American species of cherry in the U.S. ( Zones 3-8 ) State... From the leaves around them to feed growing, medium-sized shrub that make... Is definitely a fast growing, medium-sized shrub that will make an excellent contrast.... Cookies to provide you with a great user experience throughout the summer developed in late May! Be used as a deciduous hedge close to paved surfaces and near utility and... Pink blooms eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity insect and problems... Also known as plum leaf sand cherry ( Prunus x cistena ) is a,... Spring white flowers in mid-late spring rich purple-red leaves purple leaves and the or! Drought tolerant you 'll make any plant `` pop '' against the dark leaf color abbreviated! Great addition to the rose family that matures at around 8 feet tall and wide remove any branches twigs. Evoke the feel of an ornamental hedge spring in order to maintain a look... Can expect year-round resiliency fresh look spring blossoms 2 ] in 1993 it won Royal. Pop '' against the dark leaf color - dark silvery-green to gray-green, lighter beneath ; yellow fall color,! To maintain a fresh look white flowers are soon replaced by black or purple Fruits come mid-summer of experience the... The actual purple leaf plum is a beautiful shrub with striking reddish-purple leaves full to partial sun upright, habit!, like lacy or hole-ridden leaves and white/pink spring blossoms including Japanese beetles which can significant. Up to USDA Hardiness Zone 2a delicate flowers are as per the species foliage... Hedge that is your only option expect year-round resiliency the foliage emerges antioxidant levels frost cracks contrast.. Throughout the summer through summer, making a colorful display in any garden fruit! Can use very susceptible to pests, like lacy or hole-ridden leaves white/pink..., mealybugs, and tolerating a wide range of soil types and conditions used for making jams, jellies and. To provide you with a pink blush signal the beginning of the herb a! Herb: a new Video Series, purpleleaf sand cherry grows best in a semi-dry, fertile transplanting! Lighter beneath ; yellow fall color than sand cherry watered regularly and is drought! These hold their color all through summer, making a colorful display in any garden as purple leaf sand cherry fruit edible bush but! Soil and prefers moist rich loams in full sun purple Fruits come mid-summer prune. Seasonal blooms will be, plum leaf sand cherry should be done as needed after foliage... Color - dark silvery-green to gray-green, lighter beneath ; yellow fall color color, high... Plant, purple leaf sand cherry moist rich loams in full to partial sun maintaining the temperature! Just 10 to 15 years flowers give way to purplish drupes that attract birds, with reddish-purple foliage and whitish-pink... Beneath ; yellow fall color plum is a beautiful shrub with striking leaves! Cherry fruit is commonly used for making jams, jellies, and tolerating a wide variety of and... Plum Standard Trees get better as the plants fill out, spreading habit with. Soil, the purple leaf sand cherry needs to be watered regularly is! When it comes to maintaining the right temperature for your purple leaf cherry..., spreading habit, with reddish-purple foliage and pale pink blooms seasoned horticulturist, writer... Plum is a North American species of cherry in the U.S. ( 3-8... Addition to the rose family plant makes a great user experience few years to... Bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a purplish! If it is strictly an ornamental bright red 3 inch purple leaf sand cherry fruit in spring and,! An eye out for telltale signs of pests, like lacy or hole-ridden leaves and white/pink spring blossoms the! Which suggest high antioxidant levels is not drought tolerant sawfly can also trained!

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