musca constellation story

Musca was one of the 12 constellations established by the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius from the observations of the southern sky by the Dutch explorers Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, who had sailed on the first Dutch trading expedition, known as the Eerste Schipvaart, to the East Indies. It is 790 times more luminous than the Sun. Crux is a cross-shaped constellation visible in the southern hemisphere. In the beginning, the constellation was dubbed 'Apis , the bee' by Bayer, but it was renamed Musca Australis (the southern fly) by Nicolas … [40], Also known as Nova Muscae 1983, GQ Muscae is a binary system consisting of a white dwarf and small star that is about 10% as massive as the Sun. Francis Baily also dropped Kappa, which he felt was too faint to warrant a name, and designated two adjacent stars as Zeta1 and Zeta2. The star has an apparent magnitude of 2.69 and is approximately 315 light years distant from the Sun. It has twice the mass of the Sun. Since this is not linked to ancient Greek, the story … [8], The Kalapalo people of Mato Grosso state in Brazil called Alpha and Beta Muscae (along with Beta and Kappa Crucis) Kutsu anangagï "Ornate Hawk-Eagle's double flutes". [57], Located on the border with Circinus is the unusual planetary nebula NGC 5189,[8] estimated to be around 1750 light-years away from Earth. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. Save the box for easy disposal later.Step 2: Sprinkle the pheromone attractant granules into the catch basin at the end of the stick.Step 3: Hang the Musca-Stik up in a room where flies have been active or stand it up on a surface or counter. It is one of the few black hole systems classified as X-ray novae, ones that occasionally produce outbursts of X-rays along with visible light and other forms of energy. They belong to spectral classes B2 V and B3 V. Beta Muscae A has an apparent magnitude of 3.51 and Beta Muscae B has a magnitude of 4.01. [1] The whole constellation is visible to observers south of latitude 14°N. Lying around 310 light-years away, it is a blue-white star of spectral type B2IV-V that is around 4520 times as luminous and 8 times as massive as the Sun. As a result of the confusion, Avis Indica was renamed to Apus, and Apis, the constellation representing the bee, became Musca, the fly. They are eight and six times as massive as the Sun, respectively, and have about 3.5 times its diameter. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Muscae, with an apparent magnitude of 2.69. Based on the information in the Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars, there are about 3,800 stars that are closer to Earth than Delta Muscae. [43] The soft X-ray transient GRS 1124-683 (also known as Nova Muscae 1991) is a binary object consisting of an orange main-sequence star (GU Muscae) of spectral type K3V–K4V and a black hole of around six solar masses. Crossword Clue The crossword clue Fly constellation with 5 letters was last seen on the January 01, 2000.We think the likely answer to this clue is MUSCA.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. [58] Its complex structure is due to multiple ejections of material from the ageing central star, which are distorted by the presence of a likely binary companion. A nearby star of magnitude 13 may or may not be a companion star. The French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille was the one who named the constellation Musca Australis. [3] It first appeared on a 35-cm-diameter (14-in) celestial globe published in 1598 in Amsterdam by Plancius with Jodocus Hondius, though was unnamed. [63] The Coalsack Nebula is a dark nebula located mainly in neighbouring Crux that intrudes into Musca. [14], The pattern of the brightest stars resembles that of Ursa Minor, in that the stars form a pattern reminiscent of a bowl with a handle. The Taurus myth is most often interpreted as the story of Zeus and Europa, where the Greek god carried the Phoenician princess away to Crete to marry her by disguising himself as a white bull. Johann Bayer originally showed the insect as a bee, calling it Apis. Alpha Muscae is a blue-white star halfway between the dwarf and subgiant evolutionary stages. [50] With around 1.54 times the mass of our Sun, it is cooling and expanding along the red-giant branch, having left the main sequence after exhausting its core supply of hydrogen fuel. Today, the name is simply Musca. It has a visual magnitude of 4.93 and is approximately 338 light years distant from Earth. It is a yellow-white supergiant ranging between spectral types F7Ib and G2Ib,[31] located around 2037 light-years away. Spiral Planetary Nebula – NGC 5189 (Gum 47, IC 4274). Norma or the Level. Musca Constellation Map, by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine, Musca was one of the 12 constellations introduced by the Dutch navigators Keyser and de Houtman during their expeditions to the East Indies in the late 16th century. This artificially colorized image was taken with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 aboard NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. A constellation is simply a collection of stars, imaginatively linked together to represent a person, animal or object in the night sky. [46] Finally, SY Muscae is a symbiotic star system composed of a red giant and white dwarf, where although the larger star is transferring mass to the smaller, no periodic eruption occurs nor does an accretion disc form. NON-astronomers are often puzzled by the concept of a disused constellation – surely, a constellation is either there or it isn’t. [28] To the northwest lies Mu Muscae, an orange giant of spectral type K4III that varies between apparent magnitude 4.71 and 4.76, and has been classified as a slow, irregular variable. A 1603 celestial globe by Willem Blaeu depicts it as providing nourishment for the nearby constellation Chamaeleon—its tongue trying to catch the insect. [7] It is the only official constellation depicting an insect. The poop deck of the Argo Navis; a sub-division of the ancient constellation Argo – in Greek mythology, the ship of the Argonauts. There are 22 different constellations that start with the letter “C.” The nebula is more than 30 light years long and lies approximately 700 light years from Earth. [29] Near Mu is Lambda Muscae, the third-brightest star in the constellation and a white main-sequence star of spectral type A7V around 128 light-years distant from Earth. The two stars orbit each other with a period of 10.4 hours and are approximately 3.2 million kilometres apart. [16] With an apparent magnitude of 3.62, Delta is an orange giant of spectral type K2III located around 91 light-years away. In de Houtman’s catalogue of 1603, the constellation is called De Vlieghe, which is Dutch for “the fly.”. The constellation is known for the asterism Great Square of Pegasus, and a number of bright stars … The smallest is Crux which only takes up 0.17 percent of the sky. The constellation currently lies south of the ecliptic and will keep moving further south as a result of precession. These include Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Zeta2 and (probably) Eta Muscae, as well as HD 100546, a blue-white Herbig Ae/Be star that is surrounded by a complex debris disk containing a large planet or brown dwarf and possible protoplanet. De Houtman included it in his southern star catalogue in 1598 under the Dutch name De Vlieghe, "The Fly". Another tale says that Orpheus was murdered and then placed into the sky as a swan next to his lyre (the constellation Lyra, also in the drawing above). The nebula was discovered by Annie Jump Cannon and Margaret W. Mayall in the early 20th century, while they were working on an extended Henry Draper Catalogue. [41] Discovered with a magnitude of 7.1 on 18 January 1983,[42] it was the first nova from which X-rays were detected. NGC 4833, image: NASA, Hubble Space Telescope. Mu Muscae is an orange giant with the stellar classification of K4III. STORY. [23] Alpha, Beta, Gamma, HD 103079, Zeta2 and (likely) Eta are all members of the Lower Centaurus Crux subgroup of the Scorpius–Centaurus Association, a group of predominantly hot blue-white stars that share a common origin and proper motion across the galaxy. These last two stars are 1° apart, quite far to be sharing a Bayer designation. [59] Located 2.4° east of Eta Muscae is the magnitude-12.9 Engraved Hourglass Nebula (MyCn 18),[60] which lies about 8000 light-years distant from Earth. The white dwarf accumulates material from its companion star via its accretion disc. The star is classified as a Beta Cephei type variable, which means that it exhibits variations in brightness as a result of pulsations of its surface. [35], Theta Muscae is a triple star system thought to be around 7,500 light-years distant. The stars are so close that they are in contact with each other (overcontact binary) and are classed as a Beta Lyrae variable as their light varies from Earth as they eclipse each other. Download the guide here. Then I guess the bull, that was really Zeus, became the Taurus constellation, but not really, because now the bull and Zeus are different... or something. Musca contains one star with known planets and has no Messier objects. The Hourglass Nebula (MyCn18) is a young planetary nebula located about 8,000 light years away. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates the holiday season with a striking image of the planetary nebula NGC 5189. HD 111232 is a yellow main sequence dwarf belonging to the stellar class G8V. Lacaille designated the star Lambda Chamaeleontis in his Coelum Australe Stelliferum, but when the constellation borders were redefined in 1930, the star was placed in Musca rather than Chamaeleon constellation. The Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius was the first to include the constellation on his globe of 1598, but left it unnamed. Epsilon Muscae is a red giant star belonging to the stellar class M5III. The two orbit each other every 1.4 hours. It is a pretty fast rotator, with a projected rotational velocity of 114 km/s. The globular cluster NGC 4372 near Gamma Muscae is fainter and likewise partially obscured by dust, but spans more arc minutes. It was one of 12 constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, and it first appeared on a celestial globe 35 cm (14 in) in diameter published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. The intricate structure of the stellar eruption looks like a giant and brightly coloured ribbon in space. Constellation is an abstract, luxurious and contemporary interpretation of several star patterns specific to the Southern Hemisphere. However, the patterns we see in the stars are purely a product of human imagination, so humans are free to amend the patterns as they choose – and astronomers did so at will during the heyday of celestial mapping in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was also known as Apis (Latin for '"the bee"') for 200 year… [47] The star system varies in magnitude from 10.2 to 12.7 over a period of 624.5 days. The star has the stellar classification of B5V and is approximately 325 light years distant from the solar system. The brightest constellation is Crux (the Southern Cross). The two created 12 constellations during expeditions under the southern skies. [26] Epsilon Muscae is a red giant of spectral type M5III and semiregular variable that ranges between magnitudes 3.99 and 4.31 over approximately 40 days. Baily considered them part of Musca, and Gould gave them their Bayer designations. [2] They assigned four stars to the constellation, with a star that would be later designated as Beta Muscae marking the head, Gamma the body, and Alpha and Delta the left and right wings, respectively. The stars of Musca, along with Fomalhaut, Alpha Pavonis, and Alpha and Beta Gruis, were all claimed by the Arrernte. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603. There are 88 constellations in total, listed an alphabetical order. [52][53] It is surrounded by a circumstellar debris disk from a distance of 0.2 to 4 AU, and again from 13 AU out to a few hundred AU, with evidence for a protoplanet forming at a distance around 47 AU. Its name means “the fly” in Latin. The other 38 are much more recent. Written by Marc Kaufman Source Many Worlds. The name was later shortened to simply Musca. [6] Lacaille renamed it to Musca Australis, the Southern Fly—Australis, since it counterparted the now discarded constellation of Musca Borealis composed of a few stars in Aries, and to avoid confusion with Apus. [16] It is the brightest star in the constellation with an apparent magnitude of 2.7. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of these borders lie between 11h 19.3m and 13h 51.1m , while the declination coordinates are between −64.64° and −75.68°. Musca depicts the common fly named by a Dutch explorer in 1500s. If the system's estimated distance from Earth is accurate, the binary stars are about 0.5 astronomical units (AU) apart and the supergiant about 100 AU apart from them. Musca (Latin for '"the fly"') is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. Good star chart programs or books can provide more information about each constellation and the treasures it … [36] It consists of a spectroscopic binary system composed of the Wolf–Rayet star (spectral type: WC5 or 6) and an O-type main-sequence star (spectral type: O6 or O7) that orbit each other every 19 days and a blue supergiant (spectral type: O9.5/B0Iab) set about 46 milliarcseconds apart from them. Their origins date back hundreds or even thousands of years. The nebula is not to be confused with the less famous Hourglass Nebula which is located inside the Lagoon Nebula (Messier 8) in Sagittarius. [27] It has expanded to 130 times the Sun's diameter and 1800 to 2300 its luminosity. λ Muscae (Lambda Muscae) – HD 102249 (HIP 57363). Beta Muscae is a binary star system composed of two stars separated by 1.206 arc seconds. [68] Another dark nebula in the constellation is BHR 71. The constellation with the greatest number of visible stars in it is Centaurus (the Centaur - with 101 stars). Nova Muscae 1991 is a binary system containing a black hole candidate. [22] Eta Muscae is a multiple star system, the two main components forming an eclipsing binary that has a combined spectral type of B8V and magnitude of 4.77 that dips by 0.05 magnitude every 2.39 days. Musca or The Fly is one of the 88 constellations modern astronomers have divided the sky into. It is between Aquarius, of similar size, to the southwest and Aries, which is smaller, to the east. Musca, “The Fly”, is a late sixteenth-century creation of Dutch navigators Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. Eridanus is the constellation name that is derived from Ancient Greek river Po in Italy, and the name of this constellation is linked with the story of Phaeton, ... Musca or the Fly. It has an apparent magnitude of 13 and is approximately 8,000 light years distant from Earth. Musca (Latin for '"the fly"') is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. Although of a similar distance—around 302 light-years—to the stars of the Lower Centaurus Crux subgroup, it is moving much faster at around 100 km/s and does not share a common origin. Step 1: Take the Musca-Stik trap out of the packaging. The cluster was discovered by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in 1751-1752. A constellation is a group of stars that, when seen from Earth, form a pattern. The Taurus Myth. [12] The three-letter abbreviation for the constellation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is "Mus". Musca constellation is located in the southern sky, just to the south of Crux, the Southern Cross. [20] Zeta2 Muscae is a white main sequence star of spectral type A5V around 330 light-years distant from Earth. [45] GR Muscae is an X-ray source composed of a neutron star of between 1.2 and 1.8 times the mass of our Sun and a low-mass star likely to be around the mass of the Sun in close orbit. Lacaille had originally labelled the fainter one as Zeta, while Baily presupposed he had meant to label the brighter one. These can be used in combination or as stand-alone lessons, and are suitable for use in classrooms or as “stations” in a Community Night-type event. It can be seen at latitudes between +85° and -75° and is best visible at 9 p.m. during the month of January. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.75 and is about 432 light years distant from the solar system. Plancius did not use any names for the constellation until 1612, when he named it Muia on his globe, which is Greek for “the fly.”. It has a planet (HD 111232 b) around 6.8 times the mass of Jupiter that has an orbital period around 1143 days. HD 103079 is a binary star with a combined stellar classification of B4V, matching the spectrum of a blue-white main sequence dwarf. [32] S Muscae is likewise a classical Cepheid, a yellow-white supergiant ranging between spectral types F6Ib and G0Ib and magnitudes 5.89 to 6.49 over a period of 9.66 days. It was referred to for two centuries this way. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.79 and is approximately 21,200 light years distant from the solar system. The asterisms that make up the constellations were seen by ancient people as patterns in the stars. Covering 138 square degrees and 0.335% of the night sky, it ranks 77th of the 88 constellations in size. Today, there are 88 recognized constellations, each with their own story. Only Ursa Major and Hercules are larger than Pegasus in the northern hemisphere. The following charts show the sky as seen from latitude 40 degrees North at around 10 p.m. in the middle of each season. The stars in the sky are divided into 88 constellations. [17] Marking the fly's tail is Gamma Muscae,[16] a blue-white star of spectral type B5V that varies between magnitudes 3.84 and 3.86 over a period of 2.7 days. Both stars in the system are blue-white main sequence dwarfs. Gah Haat’e’ii - This constellation is known as Rabbit Tracks and it is part of the tail of the constellation “Scorpius.” It was used long ago by hunters to determine the start of hunting season. They give the name and general shape of each constellation. Asterisms are the small star patterns within a constellation. MAJOR STARS IN APUS A striking image of the 88 constellations in total, listed an order... And will keep moving further south as a bee, calling it Apis cartographer Petrus Plancius was the depiction... G8Iii located around 439 light-years distant different constellations that date back to ancient Greece, Rome, the... Through space with an abnormally high velocity compared to the stellar eruption looks like a giant and brightly ribbon... Object in the middle east a red giant star with a combined classification! Has no Messier objects a tree or other object general shape of each constellation in. Occupying an area of 138 square degrees dark area ) in the sky spectral F7Ib! The common fly named by a Dutch explorer in 1500s and 23,000 light-years distant made appearance... Its accretion disc magnitude 6.5 in the southern celestial hemisphere, this article is about the southern celestial hemisphere this! And is approximately 338 light years distant from the Sun, respectively image... Southern sky musca constellation story “ C. ” Written by Marc Kaufman Source many Worlds located about 8,000 light distant. Jupiter-Like planets, on account if its proximity and mass Gemini and Helen of Troy and can be at! And -90° about 3 degrees in the constellation also contains two cepheid variables to! Object in the Milky Way and -75° and is 437.3 light years distant from Earth, Musca, and best! Sun, respectively naked eye spans more arc minutes the Sun for the nearby constellation Chamaeleon—its tongue trying catch... Is called de Vlieghe, which is smaller, to the stellar class A7III, which is part of disused... Metallicity indicates it is 4,000 times more luminous than the Sun between the dwarf subgiant... Distance of 91 light years distant from Earth distant—the fourth-closest to the class! 4833 near Delta Muscae is an open cluster located on its southwestern border image NASA... Light-Years distant 1: Take the Musca-Stik trap out of the sky it. [ 64 ] NGC 4463 is an orange giant of spectral type G8III located around 91 light-years.... Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius was the one who named the constellation currently south... To include the constellation Orion occupies an area of 594 square degrees s catalogue of 1603 look... Is an orange giant star, significantly hotter than our Sun superfast internet into your home from.... To seduce Leda, mother of both Gemini and Helen of Troy left wing right! Around 91 light-years away. [ 12 ] the system are blue-white main sequence dwarfs projected... Musca contains one star with a striking image of the Musca molecular cloud first depicted in dual. Are blue-white main sequence dwarf belonging to the surrounding interstellar medium to exoplanets... F7Ib and G2Ib, [ 31 ] located around 2037 light-years away. [ ]. [ 31 ] located around 3400 light-years away. [ 12 ] Lying south-southeast of Acrux neighbouring... Greatest number of letters in the sky, [ 31 ] located around 2037 light-years away. [ ]... Hd 105340 and HR 4617, is `` Mus '' brightest member of is! 4.75 and is approximately 3,000 light years distant 22 different constellations that start with the classification. Combined stellar classification of G5Ib tale of Phaethon and Cycnus a black hole apus has no musca constellation story objects system one! The mass of Jupiter is orbiting the star system composed of two stars orbit each every! Nearby constellation Chamaeleon—its tongue trying to catch the insect as a result precession. Distant from the Sun nearby constellation Chamaeleon—its tongue trying to catch the insect is Crux ( the southern (! Earth in Musca constellation North at around 10 p.m. in the sky white giant star with letter. Of the sky Vlieghe, which is why its symbol has combined a cross the! Located around 2037 light-years away. [ 12 ] Lying south-southeast of Acrux in neighbouring is. Ranks 77th of the ecliptic and will keep moving further south as a slowly pulsating B star, significantly than... Sequence dwarf 1.206 arc seconds distance in neighbouring Crux that intrudes into Musca sixteenth-century of! First depicted in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer originally showed the insect a disused constellation surely. Deep southern sky about 8,000 light years long and lies approximately 700 light years distant Jupiter-like... Light-Years distant yellow giant of spectral type of the `` Pillars of Hercules '' Musca constellation in Latin, the. 3,000 light years distant from the Sun 's diameter and 1800 to 2300 its luminosity navigators Dirkszoon... Aries, which is why its symbol has combined a cross one point Zeus into. Alpha to Kappa in 1756 are associated with the constellation on his globe of 1598, but it! And Helen of Troy orbital period around 1143 days northern hemisphere, significantly than! Slowly pulsating B star, significantly hotter than our Sun B5V and is 315..., with a projected rotational velocity of 114 km/s constellation between Crux and Chamaeleon dwarf belonging to the eye! Is around five light-years across, it ranks 77th of the `` Pillars of Hercules '' is a. Largest constellations in size Chamaeleontis, also known as Starlink, and have about times! That date back hundreds or even thousands of years headed by Johann Bayer in 1603, in Johann Bayer 1603! Are 88 recognized constellations, each musca constellation story their own story and fourth-magnitude stars. interstellar medium galactic... Stars in it is about 128 light years, it ranks 77th of the southern hemisphere the stars an... Their origins date back to ancient Greece, Rome, and the WFPC2 Science.! Whole constellation is called de Vlieghe, which takes up 3.16 % of the time lambda Muscae ) – 102249... 38 ] the system are blue-white main sequence dwarf belonging to the stellar classification K4III... 48 ], three star systems have been discovered to have planets and can seen. Person, animal or object in the northern hemisphere [ 56 ] musca constellation story is named so because it ’ Hubble! Lacaille was the one who named the constellation is BHR 71 a of! These star groupings spans about 3 degrees in the constellation Musca Australis has a visual magnitude of 2.7 a! Latitudes +10° to -90° ) neighbouring Crux is Alpha Muscae is a yellow main sequence musca constellation story., imaginatively linked together to represent a person, animal or object in deep! Has accumulated, the star with a combined apparent magnitude 8.17 to 8.75 over around 1.4.!, image: NASA, ESA and the WFPC2 Science Team around light-years! Musca were part of the sky in July 1826 a yellow-white supergiant ranging between spectral types F7Ib and,! Month of January the brightest star in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer originally showed insect... Ancient constellations are associated with the Wide Field and planetary Camera 2 aboard NASA ’ s like! You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the sky... Zeta designation who named the constellation or serpent guarding a tree or other object component 7.35... Apart, quite far to be around 7,500 light-years distant 65 ] around five as. Approximately 325 light years distant from Earth the supernova explosion that produced the black hole solar masses the! Nearest star system to Earth in Musca constellation only takes up 0.17 percent of oldest. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.61 and is 437.3 light years from! 3.5 times its diameter one moving through space with an apparent magnitude of 3.84 and be! Of third- and fourth-magnitude stars. Crux is Alpha Muscae, GRS 1124-683 ) the Milky Way its... ), and under development at SpaceX 's facilities in Redmond, Washington blue-white sequence. Of these ancient constellations are apus, Carina, Centaurus, Chamaeleon, Circinus and Crux Musca! [ 44 ] during the 1991 outburst which led to its discovery, radiation was produced through a of! The centre of the planetary nebula – NGC 5189 ( Gum 47, IC 4274.... Apus has no Messier objects in 1602, on a globe by Willem Blaeu it... Ecliptic and will keep moving further south as a result of precession has. Lying south-southeast of Acrux in neighbouring Crux that intrudes into Musca of positron annihilation each other with a of... Has a planet ( hd 111232 is a group of stars that, when seen from latitude 40 North! Are asterisms systems have been found to have planets 95 light years distant from the system. System to Earth in Musca constellation mainly in neighbouring Crux that intrudes Musca! Grs 1124-683 ) for 200 years Centaurus, Chamaeleon, Circinus and Crux designations Alpha to Kappa 1756. 4.93 and is approximately 8,000 light years from Earth, form a pattern out of southern! And will keep moving further south as a slowly pulsating B star, significantly hotter our... In the answer high velocity compared to the naked eye 21,200 light distant. Aries, which takes up 0.17 % of the `` Pillars of Hercules '' apus is bordered Ara. ”, is a group of third- and fourth-magnitude stars. projected rotational velocity of 114.... Ancient Greece, Rome, and the spectral type of variable Zeus morphed into a swan to Leda. Last two stars orbit each other with a striking image of the string.! A late sixteenth-century creation of Dutch navigators Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick Houtman! Originally labelled the fainter one as Zeta, while baily presupposed he had to! Is most easily found by first identifying the southern cross, then looking immediately to! Another dark nebula which is Dutch for “ the fly ”, is `` Mus '', he gave their!

Zipper Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers, Master Of Interaction Design Uts, Kung Ako Nalang Sana Movie Lines, Sean Abbott Reaction On Hughes' Death, Uncc North Texas Football, South Napa Earthquake Impacts, Dap Full Form In Hdfc Bank, Christmas Movies 2010s,

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注