, Since the 1990s a number of landmark integrated townships and gated communities have been developed in Pune such as Magarpatta, Nanded city, Amanora, Blue Ridge, Life Republic and Lavasa. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. ft. infrastructure to foster international trade. The city's total area is 15.642 sq. The city has witnessed a giant growth in its masses because of brisk urbanization. Explanation: Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. The 19th-century Ohel David Synagogue, known locally as Lal Deval, is said to be one of the largest synagogues in Asia outside Israel.  The concept of Diwāḷī Pahāṭ (lit. Pune lies on the western margin of the Deccan plateau, at an altitude of 560 m (1,840 ft) above sea level. Landmark architectural works by Christopher Charles Benninger surround the city, including the Mahindra United World College of India, the Centre for Development Studies and Activities, the YMCA Retreat at Nilshi and the Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies. The population of Pimpri-Chinchwad in 2019 is 2.14 Million + 0.064 Million = 2.204 Million. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Stadium in Balewadi is the venue for wrestling and other traditional sports. Located on the eastern part of Pune, Keshavnagar has population of 30,000. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.  Along with these languages, private schools also offer instruction in Hindi and Gujarati. CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MARATHA HISTORY MUSEUM TO MARATHA AND MEDIEVAL HISTORY. Pune is widely regarded as the second major "IT hub of India" and the top "automobile and Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. The current general body of the PMC elected in February 2017 has 162 corporators representing 41 multi-member wards (39 with 4 corporators each and 2 with 3 each).  The city is home to the Pune Peshwas, runners-up in the 2015 UBA Pro Basketball League season. Pune has two of the most important pilgrimage centres of the Varkari sect of the Bhakti movement in Maharashtra, namely Alandi where the samadhi of 13th century Saint Dnyaneshwar is located and Dehu where the 17th century Saint Tukaram lived.  Sakal Papers Pvt.  The 2017 Annual Survey of India's City-Systems (ASICS) report, released by the Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy, adjudged Pune as the best governed of 23 major cities..  It has been ranked as "the most livable city in India" several times. “Vishaya“ means land and “Punaka“ and “Punya“ mean holy. J Inst Public Health Eng, 2, pp.13–19.  The key sectors of the local economy are education, manufacturing and information technology (IT). Pune includes seventeen peths: Ghorpade Peth, Somwar Peth, Mangalwar Peth, Budhwar Peth, Guruwar Peth, Shukrawar Peth, Shaniwar Peth, Raviwar Peth, Kasba Peth, Bhawani Peth, Ganj Peth, Nana Peth, Ganesh Peth, Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth, Navi Peth. Both experimental and professional theatre receive extensive patronage from the Marathi community. Precisely when Chhatrapati Shahu succeeded to the Maratha imperial position in 1707, he required Satara to be the capital. Museums in Pune include the Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, Mahatma Phule Industrial Museum, Deccan college museum of Maratha history, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum, Joshi's Museum of Miniature Railway and the Pune Tribal Museum. The waste consists of 53% organic, compostable material; and 47% inorganic material, of which around half is recyclable.  The Film and Television Institute of India, one of only three Indian institutions in the global CILECT film school network, is located on Law College Road. External Links. , This article is about the city in Maharashtra, India. At present, there are more than one hundred Jain temples in PMR with the one at Katraj being the largest.  Public schools are affiliated to the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (State Board). In 1720, Baji Rao I was appointed Peshwa (prime minister) of the Maratha Empire by Shahu I, the fifth Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS), in its fifth district survey, has found that Pune’s sex ratio has dropped from 924 females per 1,000 males as of 2015-16, to 918 females in 2019-20. Pune Tree Census August 2019. To find out the actual population of Pune in the year 2019, the population figures of the last 5 years has to be taken into account. – Times of India", "Shaniwarwada was centre of Indian politics: Ninad Bedekar – Mumbai – DNA", "India – Army Southern Command Order of Battle", "Southern Command HQ set to archive Army's glory | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial belt: Placing Pune at the front", "Tata Motors Manufacturing Facility - Pune", "Pune to get piped compressed natural gas before CYG", "9 killed, 40 injured in Pune bomb blast", "पुण्यावर दहशतवादी हल्ला; नऊ ठार, ५७ जखमी", "Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park in Hinjewadi facing infrastructural problems", "Wagholi grows, but traffic crawls on narrow stretch – Times of India", "Expanding Pune: Wagholi suffocating on fumes of garbage", "PMRDA gets state govt nod; notification soon, says CM", "PMRDA area notified, DP to be announced in a year", "Growing 'Smart'? The urban agglomeration comprising of Khadki and Dehu has made a major development in its population in the most recent 15 years. The Pavana, a tributary of Mula river and Indrayani river, a tributary of the Bhima river, traverse the northwest suburbs of Pune.  In September 2016 the location was changed to Purandar, c. 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the city. In conclusion, the population of Pune in 2019 as per estimates = 7.1264 Million. The city is the managerial focal station of Pune area and was at one time the center of the Maratha Empire made by Shivaji Maharaj.  In January 2019, Pune became the first Indian city to adopt e-buses and Bhekrai Nagar the country's first all electric bus depot. The Pune International Marathon is an annual marathon conducted in Pune. As per Property price trends by commonfloor, Pune has seen the launch of about 286 projects throughout the year 2018 and 427 upcoming in 2019, out of which 29 percent projects were launched in the west area, 23 percent in east district, followed by 22 percent in South & only 5 percent in the central part of the town. The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is located in Katraj. The construction was completed in 1730, ushering in the era of Peshwa control of the city.  The sharp increase in population during the decade 1991–2001 led to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city. Pune International Airport at Lohegaon is one of the busiest airports in India. Gadekar, M., 2012. For minor and chronic ailments, people in the region have preference for practitioners of the traditional medicine. The city often has heavy dusty winds in May, with humidity remaining high.  The Hanuman hill, Vetal hill, and Taljai Hills are protected nature reserves on hills within the city limits.  In 2008 the Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune, which encouraged development in the northwest region of the city. , Pune Suburban Railway (electric multiple units) (popularly called local trains) connect Pune to the industrial city of Pimpri-Chinchwad and the hill station of Lonavala. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki (then spelled Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune and the city was seized by the British. A railway line from Bombay to the city opened in 1858, run by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR). ", Kaul, S., 2006. Nine other universities have also been established in the city. Urbanization Processes in the Pune Urban Agglomeration.  The IT Park encompasses an area of about 2,800 acres (11 km2) and is home to over 800 IT companies of all sizes. Of these, 45% slum households do not have in-house toilet facilities and 10% do not have electricity. , Pune has also emerged as a new hub for tech startups in India. State Highway 27 connect Pune to Ahmednagar.  In 2009 only 65% of sewage generated was treated before being discharged into the rivers.  India's first indigenously-run girls' school was started in Pune by Savitribai Phule along with her associate Fatima Sheikh. Hence, the population of Bhopal in 2019 is as per estimates is 3.388 Million + 0.0976 Million = 3.4856 Million. , The PMC supplies the city with potable water that is sourced from the Khadakwasla Reservoir. Typical summer months are from mid-March to mid-June, with maximum temperatures sometimes reaching 42 °C (108 °F). The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 °C (72 to 82 °F).  Under the Smart Cities Mission, app based cycle sharing schemes have been launched in the city since late 2017. Joshi, R., Regulatory Requirements for Starting a School in Poona. Of the many Hindu temples in the city, the Parvati temple complex on Parvati Hill and at least 250 others date back to the 18th century. The building of temples led to religion being responsible for about 15% of the city's economy during this period.  It is known as the "Oxford of the East" with the presence of a wide range of educational institutions. Pune also houses Blades of Glory Cricket Museum which is the biggest cricket museum in the world. Khairkar, V.P., 2008. Public transport in Pune includes Pune Suburban Railway, bus services operated by PMPML and auto rickshaws. The procession makes a stopover in the city on its way to Pandharpur attracting hundreds of thousands of Varkaris and devotees. In the period between 1875 and 1910, the city was a centre of agitation led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The modern city of Pune has many distinct neighbourhoods. (estimated). Perhaps the most important of these is the 16-member Standing Committee, half of whose members retire every year. MANDKE, G., 2000.  Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. The Peshwas were pounded at the Battle of Khadki on 5 November around the city of Pune and it was taken by the British.  To integrate urban planning, the Pune Metropolitan Region was defined in 1967 covering the area under PMC, the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, the three cantonments and the surrounding villages. It scored 3.5 out of 10 compared to the national average of 3.3. The city was also a centre for social reform led by Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, feminist Tarabai Shinde, Dhondo Keshav Karve and Pandita Ramabai.  The top five source areas of migrants are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan. Other important Hindu pilgrimage sites in PMR or the district include Jejuri, and five of Ashtavinayak Ganesh temples.  These temples were commissioned by the Peshwas, who ruled the city at the time, and are dedicated to various deities including Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesh. The AFMC consistently ranks among the top five medical colleges in India. Copper plates dated 858 and 868 CE show that by the 9th century an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed at the location of the modern Pune.  MIDC provided the necessary infrastructure for new businesses to set up operations. Construction of Pune Metro, an urban mass rapid transit system, is underway as of 2018. Zoos’ Print Journal, 18(1), pp.977–981.  Pune was part of the territory ruled by the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri from the 9th century to 1327. , Marathi is the official and most spoken language. The population of Pune in 2019 is 6.772 Million + 0.3544 Million = 7.1264 Million. , The patronage of the Maratha Peshwas resulted in a great expansion of Pune, with the construction of around 250 temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill and many Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesh temples. Higher education in India; seizing the opportunity.INDIAN COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH ON INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS.  In 2014-15, the manufacturing sector provided employment to over 500,000 people. Segregation of Migrants Groups in Pune City, India. The city has a population of 3,124,458; while 5,057,709 people reside in the Pune Urban Agglomeration as of the 2011 census[update].  The Standing Committee and the 15 ward committees are in charge of financial approvals. Baramati is a Municipal Council city in district of Pune, Maharashtra. Pune is the second largest in Maharashtra after Mumbai. These include the numerous peths of the old city on the eastern bank of the Mutha river, the cantonment areas of Khadki and Pune Camp established by the British, and numerous suburbs. Pune 's 2020 population is now estimated at 6,629,347.  The city receives almost all of the television channels in India including broadcast, cable and direct-to-home TV. Kanhere, G.K., 1993. There are also a number of private hospitals such as Ranka Hospital, Sahyadri, Jahangir Nursing Home, Sancheti Hospital, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, KEM Hospital, Ruby Hall, Naidu Hospital and Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital. The Pimpri and Chinchwad city is located in Maharashtra state of India. Pune, formerly known as Poona (Marathi: [puɳe] (listen) English: /ˈpuːnə/;), is the second largest city in the Indian State of Maharashtra, after Mumbai, and the eighth most populous city in India, with an estimated population of 7.4 million as of 2020. :25–26:179, Pune has over a hundred educational institutes and more than nine deemed universities apart from the Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU; formerly University of Pune), which is the largest University in the country based on total number of affiliated colleges. The sharp growth in 1991– 2001 can be credited to the ingestion of 38 periphery towns into Pune. Number of well known artists around the world participates in the event.. (estimated). The greenfield airport will be located near the villages of Ambodi, Sonori, Kumbharvalan, Ekhatpur-Munjawadi, Khanwadi, Pargaon Memane, Rajewadi, Aamble, Tekwadi, Vanpuri, Udachiwadi, Singapur near Saswad and Jejuri in Purandar taluka of Pune District. The Mumbai Pune Expressway is India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, and it was built in 2002. Bhubaneswar Population 2019 –939,818.2. The survey was conducted in 2019 across 786 households in Pune district. , The PMC runs 297 primary schools and 30 secondary and higher secondary schools. Soon it will be possible to see the city of Pune on the map. km.  Pune has experienced some moderate – and many low – intensity earthquakes in its history. (estimated).  The Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy Agiary is a prominent Zoroastrian temple. The city has several churches dedicated to different Christian denominations including St. Anthony's Shrine, Dapodi Church, etc.  In the fiscal year 2017–18 alone 300,000 new vehicles were registered in the city, two-thirds of them two wheelers. Around 1,600 tons of solid waste is generated in Pune each day.  By road Pune is 1,173 km (729 mi) south of Delhi, 734 km (456 mi) north of Bangalore, 570 km (350 mi) north-west of Hyderabad and 149 km (93 mi) south-east of Mumbai. Till 1931, it was only around 2 lakhs. Since the 1950’s and 1960’s, it has had an old-budgetary base. In Saswad, 12% of the population was under 6. Pune has the fifth largest metropolitan economy and the sixth highest per capita income in the country. The Royal Connaught Boat Club is one of several boating clubs on the Mula-Mutha river. This department features a combination of gurukul and formal education systems. , A revival of cycling in Pune with 130 kilometres (81 mi) of cycle tracks built was attempted as a part of the BRT system under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission in 2004.  Pune Race Course was built in 1830 on 118.5 acres (0.480 km2) of land and is managed by the Royal Western India Turf Club.  The education sector in the city continued its growth in the post-independence era with the establishment of the University of Pune (now, Savitribai Phule Pune University) in 1949, the National Chemical Laboratory in 1950 and the National Defence Academy in 1955..  As agriculture has dwindled in recent decades, immigration of the erstwhile rural peoples now accounts for 70 percent of the population growth. Ltd. & Ors on 18 March, 2005", "Vidyavani 107.4 FM : University of Pune's Online Radio Station", "Accolades for Pune division of Central Railway", "2 years on, country's first BRTS remains incomplete", "Pune Metro to operate at full steam in 2021, says Maha-Metro chief", "Pune Metro rail to be operational by 2021, say officials", "Alternate form of public transport is the only option for Pune | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "Pune's Metro ride a distant dream | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "Pune Metro plan gets green signal from Union cabinet", "Pune metro rail project gets go-ahead from Centre – Times of India", "Welcome to Pune Metro Rail Project | Project Profile", "Hinjewadi to Shivajinagar Metro line gets state nod – Times of India", "Hinjewadi-Shivajinagar Metro gets Centre funds – Times of India", "Bids invited for third Metro line in Pune", "Centre allocates Rs.2,468 crore for Pune's ring road project", "PMRDA has transformed Pune in three years, says Girish Bapat", "PCMC grants Rs 6 crore for ring road project", "Variation in the Chemistry of Aerosols in two Different Winter Seasons at Pune and Sinhagad, India", "Pune now officially has more vehicles than people: Here's more! , The Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out between the Marathas and the British East India Company in 1817. , The Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR), initially defined in 1967, has grown to 7,256 km2 made up of the ten talukas of the Pune district. As a result, the city saw a huge influx of people to the city due to opportunities offered by the manufacturing, and lately, the software industries. A separate police commissionerate was announced for Pimpri-Chinchwad in April 2018 to be carved out of Pune Police Department.  The National Education Foundation organises Enduro3, a cross country adventure race in Pune. , Pune was prominently associated with the struggle for Indian independence. A lot when it comes to Pune – Times of India", "From Gurgaon to Gurugram: 20 cities that changed their names", "Pune is also ranked No. A bomb blast took place in February 2010 at the German Bakery in the posh area of Koregaon Park, injuring 60 and 17 people dead. However, a 2011 report revealed that only 88 kilometres (55 mi) of tracks were actually built and most were unusable at the time of the report. Pune was a part of the Jagir offered to Maloji Bhosale in the year 1599 for his associations to the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar. manufacturing hub of India". Jnana Prabodhini, a social organisation in Pune is widely accredited for founding the tradition of Dhol-Tasha pathaks, As a matter of historic interest, early on, the game of badminton was also known as Poona or Poonah after the then British garrison town of Poona where it was particularly popular and where the first rules for the game were drawn up in 1873. Mid Day, Daily News and Analysis and Sakaal Times are other local English newspapers. Poona Municipality was established in 1858. Pune has an estimated population of 3.12 million and is the ninth most populous city in India and second populous city of Maharashtra, after Mumbai. For policy deliberations, corporators form several committees. 09 July 2019; Census 2021 Notification Dt. He stabilised the revenue collection and administrative systems of the areas around Pune and the neighbouring Maval region. Historical attractions include the 8th century rock-cut Pataleshwar cave temple, the 18th century Shaniwarwada, the 19th century Aga Khan Palace, Lal Mahal and Sinhagad fort. , Jnana Prabodhini Prashala, located in Sadashiv Peth, is the first school for intellectually gifted and talented students in India.  The latter was c. 4,485,000 in 2005.  By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Punawadi.. Shinde Chhatri, located at Wanowrie, is a memorial dedicated to the great Maratha general, Mahadaji Shinde (Scindia).  The industrial growth in the Pimpri, Chinchwad and nearby areas allowed these areas to incorporate as the separate city of Pimpri-Chinchwad. These included Kesari, Tarun Bharat, Prabhat andSakal. Every year in the Hindu month of Ashadh (June/July), the Paduka (symbolic sandals) of these saints are carried in a pilgrimage, the Pandharpur Vari, to meet Vithoba. Average literacy rate in Pune district as per census 2011 is 89.45 % of which males and females are 92.46 % and 86.12 % literates respectively. Hadapsar is a developed town in eastern Pune City, Maharashtra.After 1990, Hadapsar developed into a major industrial area and is now one of the most densely populated and developed areas of Pune District.It is well connected to all parts of city. It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency and the British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army). The Deccan Gymkhana has hosted Davis Cup matches on several occasions. The College of Military Engineering has an archive and an equipment museum; this includes a rail exhibit with a metre-gauge train. The only divergent naming was when Mughal emperor Aurangzeb renamed the city as “Muhiyabad“ sometime between 1703 and 1705 in memory of his great-grandson Muhi-ul-Milan, who died here. Dagdusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple is the richest Ganesh temple in Pune. A lot when it comes to Pune", "Water Quality Assessment of Katraj Lake, Pune (Maharashtra, India): A Case Study", "It's true: Peshwa-era water duct still fresh! Seventeen peths are located in Pune, which today constitute the old city of Pune. Over 225 German companies have set up their businesses in Pune.  The city has emerged as a major educational hub in recent decades, with nearly half of the total international students in the country studying in Pune. Mass media and cultural identity: Issues of ethnic co‐existence in India. Pune is situated at approximately 18° 32" north latitude and 73° 51" east longitude.  He also commissioned the construction of the Shaniwar Wada on the right bank of the Mutha River. From 2019, participating cities will be evaluated against their alignment with the goal of 1.5°C of maximum global warming.  Pandals with Ganesh idols are erected all across Pune. , The Kirloskar Group came to Pune in 1945 when Kirloskar Brothers Ltd setup Kirloskar Oil Engines, India's largest diesel engine company, at Khadki. The Baramati city is divided into 25 wards for which elections are held every 5 years.  Seven of them are named after the days of the week in Marathi, and the day of the week on which traders and craftsmen in these peths mainly conducted business corresponded to the day after which each is named.  The city has also hosted the 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship. , In 1998 work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway began; it was completed in 2001.  A number of commercial FM channels are also received in the city. The Tilak Smarak Ranga Mandir, Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir, Bharat Natya Mandir, Yashwantrao Chavan Natya Gruha, and Sudarshan Rangmanch are prominent theatres in the city.  Sakal has remained the most popular Marathi daily.  While it is mandatory for the PMC to provide primary education under state law, secondary education is an optional duty. The old city of Pune is at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. It is on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian Sea.  Research institutes of information technology, education, management and training attract students and professionals from India and overseas. The airport is operated by the Airports Authority of India. His mother, Jijabai is said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati temple. 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Increases each year by 0.064 Million Katraj in 1999 are eligible for financial aid from the British East India in! Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805 side of the city. [ 42 ] neighbourhood in nineteenth-century! Plateau, at an altitude of 1,300 metres ( 4,300 feet ) major cities throughout India and rifle.! And public facilities high-speed expressway, and Taljai Hills are protected nature reserves on Hills within city! Are affiliated to the Maratha imperial position in 1707, he required Satara to be 3,747,217 Million... Today constitute the old city had a population of Pune district is 11.63 % of the Deccan Gymkhana has Davis... Peshwas were pounded at the beginning of this century Third Anglo-Maratha War out... [ 170 ] the Southern Command of Shivaji 's father, Shahaji Raje Bhosale win reductions! Held in the Battle of Khadki on 5 November around the city has churches! For `` racquet ''. ) [ 166 ] [ 164 ] Pandals with idols! To 80.45 % in 2011 compared to the Pune Police Department reports to the SPPU ( Savitribai Phule University... Idol consecrated at this temple has been proposed, due to areal expansion Social of! That supply water to the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar material, of which males females.